Country Profile

Country Profile of Bangladesh

Country Name People's Republic of Bangladesh
Type of Government Parliamentary form; President is the ceremonial head of the state and Prime Minister is the head of the government
Area 1,47,570 sq. km.
Population (2016-17 est) Total Population : 161.75 Million
Capital City Dhaka
Standard Time GMT + 6 hours
Language Bangla. English is second most important language.
Percentage of Population According to Religion Muslim (88.3%), Hindu (10.5%), Buddhist (0.6%), Christian (0.3%) and Animists and believers in tribal faiths (0.3%).
Principal Crops and Fruits Rice, Wheat, Jute, Tea, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Pulses, Oilseeds, Spices, Potatoes, Vegetables, Banana, Mango, Coconut, Jack fruits and Pineapple.
Mineral Resources Natural gas, Limestone, hard rock, coal, Peat, lignite, silica sand, white clay, radioactive sand, etc.
Principal Industries Jute, Tea, Textiles, Ceramic, Garments, Knitwear, Paper, Newsprint, Fertilizer, Shipbuilding, Agro-processing, Leather and Leather Goods, Sugar, Cement, Fish Processing, Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals, Light Engineering, Plastic and Rubber, Furniture & Ceramic, etc.
Principal Exports Pharmaceuticals, Plastic and Plastic goods, Agro Processing, Readymade garments, knitwear, frozen food and shrimp, tea, raw jute, jute products, leather and leather products, chemical fertilizer, ceramic tableware, naphtha, furniture, fruits and vegetables ,handicraft, light engineering products including bicycle, etc.
Principal Imports Wheat, oil seeds, crude petroleum, raw cotton, edible oil, petroleum products, fertilizer, cement, staple fibers, yarn, iron and steel, capital goods and machinery, automobiles, food grains, milk powder & baby food, etc.
Literacy Rate (7+Years) 2015 65.4 %
Life expectancy (Years), 2015 71.6
Labour Force
(Labour Force Survey, 2013)
Total Labour Force (15 years +) : 61 million
Male : 43 million
Female : 18 million
Tourist Spots Cox’s Bazar, Rangamati, Chittagong, Sylhet, Kuakata (Patuakhali), Sundarban (Khulna). The 120-km long Cox’s Bazar sea beach is considered to be the longest in the world. Kuakata is a unique beach for viewing sunrise and sunset. Sundarban is the home of the Royal Bengal Tiger.
Export Processing Zones (EPZ) Chittagong, Dhaka, Mongla, Ishwardi, Comilla, Uttara-Nilphamary, Adamjee-Narayangang and a Korean EPZ in Chittagong.
Sea Ports 3 (Chittagong, Mongla and Paira)
Airports 11 (3 International and 8 Domestic) International : Dhaka, Cittagong and Sylhet. Domestic : Jessore, Iswardi, Comilla, Cox's Bazar, Thakurgaon, Rajshahi, Barisal and Saidpur
GDP at current market price (2016-17) US$ 245 billion
GDP Growth Rate (2016-17) 7.24%
Total Export (2016-17) US$ 34.65 billion
Total Import (2016-17) US$ 47.00 billion
GNI per capita (2016-17) (at current price) US$ 1602
Inflation (2016-17) 5.94
Foreign Exchange Reserve 33.46 billion (as on 23 Aug, 2017)
Remittance (2016-17) US$ 12.77 billion
National Budget (2016-17) 4.00 Trillion Tk

Economic Indicators of Bangladesh

Principal Exports Readymade garments, knitwear, Pharmaceuticals, Plastic and Plastic goods, Agro Processing, frozen food and shrimp, tea, raw jute, jute products, leather and leather products, chemical fertilizer, ceramic tableware, naphtha, furniture, fruits and vegetables ,handicraft, light engineering products including bicycle, etc.
Principal Imports Wheat, oil seeds, crude petroleum, raw cotton, edible oil, petroleum products, fertilizer, cement, staple fibers, yarn, iron and steel, capital goods and machinery, automobiles, food grains, milk powder & baby food, etc.
GDP at current market price (2015-16) US$ 221.39 billion
GDP Growth Rate (2015-16) 7.11%
Total Export (2015-16) US$ 34.24 billion
US$ 25.95 billion (July-March 2016-17), Growth: 3.97%
Total Import (2015-16) US$ 42.92 billion
US$ 30.67 billion (July-Feb 2016-17)
GNI per capita (2015-16) (at current price) US$ 1465
Inflation 5.31 (February, 2017)
Foreign Exchange Reserve US$ 32.29 billion (as on 5 April, 2017)
Remittance (2015-16) US$ 14.93 billion
US$ 9.19 billion (July-Feb, 2016-17), Growth: (-) 16.86%
National Budget (2016-17) 3.41 Trillion Tk